Spanish revival architecture is hugely popular in California, and increasingly across the nation. The mission revival style and colonial revival styles grew in popularity at the beginning of the 20th century, but people today still chose to emulate the Spanish style when building their homes and public establishments. Why do people continue to use this Spanish style? I argue that the Spanish colonial style represents the very beginnings of the United States on the west coast, and this time in the US history continues to spark peoples imaginations. The aesthetic elements are iconic, and people still commission architects to create the homes of their dreams in this style.
The Spanish Colonial Revival style was created in the United States in the 20th century, and it was sparked after the opening of the Panama Canal. The novel Ramona also had a great influence on the popularity of this architectural style. The early Spanish colonies of North and South America had their particular style of architecture brought from the homeland, and this style was them updated to accommodate the new century in the US. Between 1915 and 1931 this style was all the rage, and movie stars in Hollywood clamored to get their Hollywood hills homes built in this style. Mostly the single-level detached home saw this style. On a personal note, my own grandmother has one of these homes in California, and its pink!
The Spanish Colonial Revival style is very similar to the Spanish Mission Revival style, but with a few key differences. Its also similar to the pueblo styles of the west and southwest, and influenced as well by the arts and crafts movement that was the foundation of these architectural styles. The iconic use of smooth plaster, stucco walls, and chimney finishes, clay tile roofs, terra cotta and concrete ornaments is still a highly noticeable, recognizable style. Other elements include porches and balconies, and Roman arcades and fountains. Youll also see canvas awnings. The most important Spanish Revival architect in California was George Washington Smith who practiced during 1920s and 1930s. Perhaps his most famous house is the Steedman House in Montecito, CA, now a museum called the Casa del Herrero.
But there are other architects who took this Spanish style across the globe. Take for example a lovely Spanish Revival building in St. Louis, by the architect T.P. Barnett, son of George I. Barnett; another famous architect in St. Louis. The T.P. Barnett building is particularly interesting because it also has Art Deco influences, making it one of the most unique buildings in the Grand Center region of St. Louis. Certainly the next time youre in St. Louis, you need to visit this Spanish Revival building on Washington Avenue.
J2ME or also know as Java ME is a platform that is specifically designed for application development to run on mobile phones, PDAs and other embedded systems. J2ME development features an adaptable user interface, which integrates with network protocols and extends support for mobile application development. The mobile applications that are developed on J2ME can be also migrated across various different mobile devices. J2ME application developers create a variety of different mobile applications based on the customized requirements of the clients. They are experience in creating diverse mobile solutions and hence most clients prefer to outsource their mobile business applications to India.
J2ME Architecture and configuration
J2ME comprises of configurations and profiles that allow a developer to customize it for the Java Runtime Environment (JRE). The configuration defines the JVM used and the profile adds domain-specific classes to define the application.
Configurations: The configuration uses a set of core classes and a specific JVM to define the basic run-time environment. The configurations are of two types where one is called CLDC for handheld devices and the second one is CDC for plug-in devices. CLDC is has been developed for 16-bit or 32-bit small computing devices that have limited memory. CDC requires a 32-bit architecture and has at least 2 MB of memory and implements a functional JVM.
Profiles: A profile comprises of classes that allow J2ME application developers to execute features that are typically available on a group of small computing devices. The profiles used with CLDC are mobile information device profile (MIDP) and PDA profile (PDAP). The profiles used with CDC include Foundation Profile, Game Profile, Personal Profile, Personal Basis Profile and RMI Profile.
The J2ME architecture consists of five layers and they are as follows:
MIDP: This is the topmost layer and consists of Java APIs. J2ME application developers use these APIs to create network connections, storage, and user interface. It also provides access to CLDC libraries and MIDP libraries.
J2ME APIs: This is the profile that comprises of a minimum set of application programming interfaces required for the small computing devices.
Configurations: This is responsible to manage the interactions between the JVM and the profile.
Operating System: This is the bottom layer.
D printing technology is used to manufacture prototypes, tools, and end-user parts directly from a CAD design. This printing technology offers unprecedented flexibility as it can create a part of any dimension out of any material. Some of the 3d printing materials used include metals, polymers, ceramics, composites, and many more. The 3D printing technology has complete control over material composition, surface texture, and micro-structure of the prototype. 3D printing technology also allows the user to construct prototypes using two different materials. >
Lets take a look at this amazing technology and how it has affected the field of architecture and medicine:
3D printing for Architecture
Architects know that there is nothing like a physical model of a building when it comes to displaying their work or design concept. Physical models also play an important role when it comes to explaining and convincing the customer while selling a project.
3D printers are affordable and high quality solutions for architects. Building a physical model requires great deal of expertise, precision, and time. 3D printing machines help designers focus on their building design, while the devices make 3D models of the project.
Many architects are not tech-savvy and are not used to operating complex devices. 3D printers do not require human intervention at any stage of the printing process. Architects just need to need to draw a CAD diagram of the project and instruct the 3D printer to build a 3D model. The 3D printer can print the model within a few hours, which can then be presented to the client.
3D printers are capable of producing of 3D models with accuracy and speed without compromising on the finer details of the architectural project. The price of desktop 3D printing machines is not that high and independent architects can also afford them.
3D printing for Medicine
The application of 3D printing technology can also be found in the production of medical devices. There are different 3D printing materials available that can be used to build real parts. For example, manufacturing hearing aids is a complex process because they are custom-fit devices and cannot be mass produced. 3D printing greatly helps in such matters where medical devices need to custom-fit a patient.
The future of the 3D printing technology is very bright. Market experts state that 3D printing technology will be affordable to the masses by the next decade. The prices of 3D printing devices are falling rapidly, and it is believed that the prices of 3D printers will drop by as much as 80% in the next 5-10 years. It will not be a surprise to see 3D printing devices in each household just like refrigerators, washing machines, and televisions.
Agra, which is located on the banks of the holy Yamuna River in the state of Uttar Pradesh, is world-famous for the majestic Taj Mahal. The city served as a prominent seat of the Mughal Empire for a long period and was the capital of Hindustan during that time. It lies at a distance of about 200 km from the national capital – New Delhi and easily accessible by road, rail and air transport from different parts of the country. The city has an extreme climate in winters and summers, with moderate temperatures in the rest seasons. October to March is considered as the ideal time to visit this historical city. If you wish to witness the grandeur of Taj Mahal and other prominent attractions of this place, such as Agra Fort, Jama Masjid, Moti Masjid, Fatehpur Sikri and Guru Ka Tal, then go for an Agra tour that can be availed from various travel agencies and travel portals.
Guru Ka Tal – History and Architecture
Originally, this reservoir was constructed in the year 1610, during the reign of Emperor Jahangir beside the tomb of Itibar Khan Khwajasara, to collect and preserve rainwater. The walls and embankments of this water reservoir have been made of rubble masonry and brick. It has a square design, with a long and wide ramp paved with stone slabs (khurra) and upright bricks, and stepped ghat. The walls of this structure feature four double-storied towers having an octagonal design. The top storey of these towers boasts of Mughal architecture, with an octagonal spire with brackets and pillars. The material that was used for constructing the ghat was red sandstone while the spire had been decorated with dazzling tiles. Constructed on a four feet high platform, this reservoir features four chhatris on its four corners with 16 pillars, with carved brackets and capitals. The corner domes of this place have a spherical design while the one on the sides have an oblong design.
At the time it was built, this reservoir had 12 towers, but today only eight can be seen. It had effective inlets of northern and western parts of the tank; a canal used for channelling excessive water in to the river and a dam on its south-eastern side. The water collected in this reservoir was used during dry seasons for irrigation. The terrace on the top floor is accessible through a wide red sandstone stairway, located on the southern side.
If you wish to witness Taj Mahal and other important attractions of Agra, then choose for those tour packages that include trips to all these important places. As this city offers a lot of see and to do, it gives the ideal opportunity to experience the best of India holidays.
Interior architecture can be seen as different from architecture in that the interior rooms, halls, doorways + stairs can be re designed once the initial design for the architecture of the building as a whole is in place. Interior architecture can be used to completely re design, for example a room such as a kitchen, bathroom in a family home which is quite common or a meeting room or office layout in a business environment or modify the existing design based on original architecture.
The interior architecture of a building can be changed for many reasons, either practical, where the interior of a building is going to be used for a new purpose or due to changing fashions or updated technologies. Examples of this are very common in many towns and cities where the exterior of a building is in a style of when it was built, say in the late 19th century but it’s interior has been completely re vamped incorporating modern design fashions and the latest technology.
The use of interior architecture means that for many buildings over a hundred years old the development of the look and design of their interior and exterior could often be the work of many different architects or teams of architects. This has meant for many of our towns and cities the architecture on view can be widely varied and reflect many different periods of time, design fashions and architecture styles. Some of which can be seen as timeless whilst others from certain eras can be seen as garish and bad taste 20 – 30 years down the line.
However no matter what a buildings exterior may look like with the help of interior architects, refurbishment and fit out specialists the interior look and feel of many buildings can be totally transformed with enough time and money bringing them up to date, that is until the latest style, fashion and technologies need integrating a few years down the line.
The main thing to differentiate architecture + interior architecture is that an architect is concerned with the concept of designing a new building the interior architect is concerned with the modification of existing buildings, some of which the design can be seen as timeless and look good for centuries whilst other will be an eye saw and look dated within 10 – 30 years.
This is quite a large and interesting topic, for further reading would advise looking at books + articles, online, in bookshops, news agents or in libraries on architecture, design + interior design.
Buildings informational modelling (BIM) from Autodesk Revit Architecture 2011 may be the a fresh high engineering, which connects architects, developers and constructors. BIM engineering allows to formulate and talk, successfully create digital models at any period of method, to review behaviour of buildings in real conditions due to creation and using of coordinated, unified and connected designing information.
This post is used for producing essential selections, formation high-quality engineering specifications, operational characteristics predicting, an evaluation of expenditures and civil work planning, and then for creating infrastructure management.
Revit Architecture 2011 provides chance to focus on the main thing – the creative portion of buildings designing. You are able to assist model in different convenient rendering, easily and rapidly make changes, get ready working drawings on the basis of 3D models. Three-dimensional views will help to present your ideas towards the client a lot more visually. Even at past due periods building model customization will not bring any difficulties, because all cuts, facades, specifications along with other files are up-to-date immediately.
The building informational modelling supplies the full method of the structure designing due to electronic reproduction of actual construction process. You train with an uniform model, avoid separate files. The design parametrical changes technologies ensures coordination of all interconnected elements of the project – from types of models, cuts and plans approximately sheets of drawings and specifications.
The first type of a building is established from simple form building components in Autodesk Revit Architecture 2011 ; they can be received through the volume geometry created in Rhino, Sketchup, AutoCAD, 3D MAX, etc. In Architecture 2011 the imported objects are transformed to objects of the architectural composition, which then are transformed to objects to construct designing – walls, roof slopes, overlapping and safeguarding frameworks.
In Revit Architecture 2011 all 2D and three dimensional views, drawings and specifications are representation of the building database. All modifications extend on all model simultaneously, including the design documentation.
Autodesk Architecture 2011 will help you considerably reduce time and practical information on projecting, and also to improve quality of designing. Demonstration videos and interactive presentations will present link between your projects visually realistically. Revit Architecture offers architect several advantages both for private and group.
The converged infrastructure market finds the flexpod net app very innovative and dominant reference architecture. This data center platform from NetApp and Cisco has found appreciation from users worldwide. Many of these users choose to standardize it for mission-critical applications. This was introduced in the year 2010 and has left many impressed owing to its excellent features. The flex pod netapp scores the brownie points in terms of performance, scalability and availability. They can be found in different packages and are easy to deploy and manage. It won’t be out of context to say, they have created a buzz in the IT world worldwide. The availability of flexpodnetapp is the result of a business collaboration entered between Cisco and NetApp. Their joint efforts have been to enhance capabilities and add broader support to important applications. This is done to ensure the FlexPod is able to meet broadest possible range of IT requirements so that most business-critical applications can be run smoothly. They have been credited for supporting various types of data operating systems and virtualization of databases. Likewise, they have made efforts to address various infrastructure needs in the small and medium-sized entities. These enhancements have given the flexpodnetapp an edge in terms of higher-levels of integration. It has facilitated data centers to interconnect by offering them suitable equipment. This has, in a way, made it easy for entities to either scale up or scale out the performance. They have made storage virtualization simple which in turn has made business data management very easy. It also minimizes total cost of ownership dramatically. The technology used helps in logical demonstration of data as per requirements of virtual storage pools. In a sense, it allows you to focus on critical business applications rather than devote time on complexity of the hardware. The storage virtualization capacities come at various levels of storage hierarchy. This can be seen on all storage platforms. The network provisions are flexible and service providers can regulate flexpodnetapp depending on their needs for a specific period of time. This has given them the edge over other available options. Their biggest contribution has been its ability to provide service to more than 1000 servers. Of course, service providers interested to avail their services need to use Flex Pod in order to optimize their functioning. Flex Pod customers are proud to own one as it enables them to enjoy cloud management solutions. Its phenomenal success has prompted Cisco and NetApp to offer multiple data centre architectural designs. This has been accomplished with help of NetApp Cisco Flex pod project.
These days, organizations are growing rapidly with outstanding performance and productivity. Data is also increasing along with this business improvement. This data includes; finance details, human resource details, requirement and project details and many more. Applications, hardware resources, software programs, operating systems and many more are also considered important information. It is important for every organization to store and maintain this crucial data for longer years. Data storage is the main problem for all IT organizations, as it takes much storage space to save and maintain the data in a device. Usually, servers are used as the main storage devices to maintain the information for future references. But, these servers have the limited capacity and cannot afford large amount of information. Due to this, IT organizations have developed several technologies and applications to enhance the storage efficiency in business enterprises. Cloud technology is one, which provides computing service through internet. Cloud computing is the latest service provided for all industries to enhance their business performance with various services like infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS) and software as a service (SaaS). All these services can help the organizations to get several business solutions. SaaS architecture is the one that provides storage services for the enterprises. It is defined as a deployed software as a service program with a business IT structure and set up. In this architecture service, SaaS also described as storage as a service as it helps the organizations in maintain the important information for further references. Inefficient software programs linking can lead to less efficiency of growth and greater loss of cost; hence, SaaS architecture is important for many business industries. It can provide best profits with great customer service and remote access for various applications and tools to enhancing the business more effectively. It can save the operational costs by reducing the other physical resources as it can save the data in their internet databases. It is more effective to perform IT operations and specialized services to help the enterprises in several aspects to increase the profit margins. It also enables web services to provide various solutions through online using network connections. SaaS is cost effective solution as it is provided by the third party vendors or it can also be paid according to the usage. Hence, most of the small organizations are planning to implement these architectures to enhance their business performances and productivity.
For more information on SaaS architecture
A web sites architecture is what grounds all future search engine marketing efforts. An optimal web site architecture facilitates a search engine in traversing
and understanding the site. Therefore, creating a web site with a search engine optimized architecture is a major contributing factor in achieving and maintaining high search engine rankings.
Architecture should also be considered throughout a web sites lifetime by the web site developer, alongside other factors such as aesthetics and usability. If a new feature does not permit a search engine to
access the content, hinders it, or confuses it, the effects of good content may be reduced substantially.For example, a web site that uses Flash or AJAX technologies inappropriately may obscure the majority
of its content from a search engine.
Optimizing a sites architecture frequently involves tinkering with variables that also affect usability and the overall user perception of your site. When we encounter such situations, we alert you to why
these certain choices were made. Sometimes we find that SEO enhancements run counter to usability. Likewise, not all designs that are user friendly are search engine friendly. Either
way, a compromise must be struck to satisfy both kinds of visitors users and search engines.
One common misconception is that search engine optimization efforts can be made after a web site is launched. This is frequently incorrect. Whenever possible, a web site can and should be designed to be
search engine friendly as a fundamental concern.Unfortunately, when a preexisting web site is designed in a way that poses problems for search engines,search engine optimization can become a much larger task. If a web site has to be redesigned, or partially
redesigned, the migration process frequently necessitates special technical considerations. For example,old URLs must be properly redirected to new ones with similar relevant content.
In the architectural world, just as in the worlds of food, clothing, and design, as styles come together we have whats called fusion. In fusion, often disparate elements come together to create a cohesive union, and sometimes seemingly harmonious elements come together in a not so harmonious way. In terms of architecture, a truly interesting blend happened in the beginning of the 20th century, melding together the elements of Spanish Mission revival style with the hip sleekness of Art Deco.
Art Deco buildings are known for their futuristic, sleek, dramatic, geometric flair. Cubes, zigzags, and futuristic chic came together to express the growing machine age in the United States. In the roaring twenties and early thirties, the jazzy Art Deco architecture was sweeping the nation. The Art Deco style found its inspiration from many different sources. The austere shapes and curves were taken from the Bauhaus School and the streamlined modern technology-looking design was melded with images of icons from the Far East, Greece, Rome, Africa, India, and Mayan and Aztec cultures. But above all these, Art Deco took inspiration from an architectural discovery in Egypt.
In 1922, archaeologist Howard Carter and his sponsor, Lord Carnarvon, thrilled the world with their discovery of the tomb of King Tutankhamen. Egypt-chic soon swept the nation and influenced the design of clothes, jewelry, furniture and graphic design. And of course, architecture.
Another style that was popping-up at the same time was the Spanish Mission Revival style, and in California, these two disparate styles found a way to come together in harmony as Hollywood actors were clamoring to get their homes built in the chic Spanish style. California isnt the only place to see the beautiful union of these two styles.
Hawkes Bay has some tremendous Art Deco and Spanish Mission Walks. Hawkes Bay is located in Napier, New Zealand. Following a devastating earthquake in 1931, the whole commercial heart of Napier was destroyed, but the city was about to be reborn in the newest architectural style, and to become the hottest city. In Hawkes Bay, you get to see all the styles right next to each other: Spanish Classic, Spanish mission, and Art Deco, all side by side.
There are also places in the United States that show this great mixture of styles and iconographies. Take for example a lovely Spanish Revival building in St. Louis, by the architect T.P. Barnett, son of George I. Barnett, another famous architect in St. Louis. The T.P. Barnett building is particularly interesting because it also has Art Deco influences, making it one of the most unique buildings in the Grand Center region of St. Louis. Certainly the next time youre in St. Louis, you need to visit this Spanish Revival building on Washington Avenue.